I have just made a Biquad bow-tie antenna (IBcrazy), for a 2.4Ghz frysky v8 tx to extend it's range for FPV flight. However on testing, I am getting less range than with my ducky (tested only by reducing the power of the tx and getting my son to walk away until the servos stopped working). Thinking that I might have got the length of the sections of the bow-tie incorrect (30mm), I pulled apart the ducky to check the length of it. Each antenna should be based on 1/4 wavelength of 2.4ghz, right?. Anyway these are the measurements.
Frysky ducky tx dipole is 25mm!
Frsky rx has 33mm of core exposed, 8mm longer than the tx!
Biquad I made has 30mm sections.
The bow-tie is attached to the tx by about 20cm of rg58- don't know if this is relevant.
Have the frysky tx and rx been made way off spec or am I missing something? Very confused - any words of wisdom would be greatly appreciated.
most because antennas dont really matter all that much with short range low data rate digital links secondly because even if frsky does make really good products they are made in china after all and lastly because calling a desleved coax cable an antenna is almost offensive to an rf engineer anyway
Thanks for that. So i guess I should consider contsructing an antenna for the rx unit to increase my range further. Will also rebuild the biquad. I use an adapter so that I can convert sma to rp-sma, which I think might be a weak link as well.
nevertoooldfortoys wrote:I use an adapter so that I can convert sma to rp-sma, which I think might be a weak link as well.
i doubt that causes much more than mabe .1 of a db loss; at such low frequencies its not really worth worrying about connector losses (keep in mind that genuine sma connectors are speced for operation up to 26ghz)
I hang my head in shame - dry solder joint to sma pin I thought I was past that sort of thing, clearly not. Biquad is working perfectly now and I have changed the rx antennas to inverted V's polarized at right angles. Looking forward to testing. Thanks for all the helpful advice.
With range check on, the stock antenna gives 40m the biquad gives 150m (I ran out of room and into trees!) Same conditions-noise free environment. The frysky is quoted at 1.5 to 2.5 km range. If we scale up, 40:150 is the same as 1.5km:5.65km. A 5.65km range on a 2.4ghz $30 system got to be happy with that. Need to get in the car and find a place where I can do a real test.
It's also worth remembering that those 2.4GHz transmitter antennas aren't made by FrSky -- they're made in huge volumes by some other manufacturer and I wouldn't be surprised if they'd decided to cut a few mm off the length to save money. A few mm multiplied by 500,000 units becomes a significant amount of cable that they'd save -- and that means more money for them.
It's been my experience that the sleeved dipoles used in RC and FPV video transmitters are very poor in design and construction. They vary immensely -- depending on the batch and the manufacturer.